Reportedly, the researchers have shown the evidence for the first time that early sampling of blood for microbes in sepsis is important to treat the normal and potentially deadly condition. In the latest research including investigators from the UBC (University of British Columbia), Harvard Medical School, and McGill University, they found that in regard to treating sepsis better, emergency rooms should sternly follow sepsis rules, which demand proper equipment and skilled personnel. Dr. David Sweet—Associate Professor at the UBC—said, “It is important for emergency room physicians to quickly identify and treat sepsis sufferers within the hour if possible, to avoid further organ damage and potential death.”
Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that is caused by the immune system’s reaction to infection and it activates a series of reactions counting blood-clotting, swelling, and organ damage. In 2011, it was the 12th major cause of mortality in Canada and excessively impacts cancer patients, seniors, diabetics, and others. The 5-Year study (from 2013 to 2018) was published in the Annals of Internal Medicine and involved 325 patients from 7 hospitals who complained of sepsis-like symptoms like painful urination, increased heart rate, and confusion. The research discovered that post-antibiotic blood tests were almost 50% less likely to diagnose the grounds of sepsis in patients than blood tests taken prior to antibiotic treatment.
On a similar note, recently, a study stated that gut microbiota is associated with organ damage in patients having sepsis. This new human study was published in The FASEB Journal and showed that the gut microbiota of patients having sepsis plays a chief role in organ damage. To perform the experiment, investigators first correlated the fecal microbial formulation of two human groups: people with sepsis and people without sepsis. They discovered that the gut microbiota was changed at both compositional and functional levels in the first group, in comparison to the second group.